The petition was filed in Washington by Brown’s office, supported by Earthjustice, Friends of the Earth, Center for Biological Diversity and Oceana. “The EPA has the authority to curb greenhouse gas emissions and our petition asks the agency to make specific findings that ships significantly contribute to global warming,” Brown said during a teleconference. The Bush administration, overall, opposes mandatory curbs on greenhouse gas emissions. Brown and other California officials already have been pushing for greater emission controls on vehicles and power plants. Bush administration officials, including the U.S. EPA, did not immediately respond to Brown. The Pacific Merchant Shipping Association, which represents 70 companies that own and operate cargo carriers, declined to comment. In a statement on its Web site, the PMSA says its “member companies are already proactively working to reduce emissions by exploring the use of a wide variety of cleaner fuels, engines, and retrofit technologies that exceed any existing requirements.” Environmental groups scoff at the assertion, saying the association is battling government efforts to address emission standards. Brown acknowledged the difficulty of what he’s asking of the Bush administration. International law governs ocean-going vessels. Virtually all the ships that transport cargo to the United States are registered under foreign flags. United Nations’ groups have mulled the matter for years buy have yet to take action. Even so, Brown said federal officials could take limited actions. “International legal rights do not include polluting the air or water near our coastal cities,” Brown said. “If the United States is to do its part in reducing the threat of global climate disruption, the EPA must limit the global warming emission from ships that enter U.S. ports.” State regulators and California port officials are considering rules to require that ships reduce speed as they near the shore, reducing emissions, and plug into electric outlets while they unload, since power can be generated more cleanly ashore. Proponents of a crackdown on ship emissions said the issue is of prime importance because studies show vessel emissions are expected to increase 75 percent over the next two decades as global trade expands. Contact Steve Geissinger at [email protected] or (916) 447-9302. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! Attorney General Jerry Brown and national environmental groups demanded Wednesday the Bush administration address greenhouse-gas emissions from smoke-belching ships that Brown believes contribute significantly to global warming. Brown and the environmentalists contend that ocean-going vessels contribute up to 5 percent of the world’s greenhouse gases – roughly the same amount as all vehicles driven in the U.S. Ships burn enormous amounts of bunker oil – the dirtiest petroleum product of all – as they crisscross the high seas and make more than 10,000 stops annually at California ports, such as those in Los Angeles, Long Beach and Oakland. Brown petitioned the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to adopt strict federal government regulations limiting greenhouse gas emissions from container ships, cruise liners, oil tankers and other large vessels that make calls at American ports.
Liverpool, chasing their fifth consecutive win, were left stunned by Newcastle United after Georginio Wijnaldum scored two goals to seal three crucial points for the Magpies.After thrashing Southampton mid-week in the League Cup, confidence was high on Merseyside as the Reds travelled to St James’ Park hoping to extend their winning run against Steve McClaren’s Premier League strugglers.Jurgen Klopp made six changes to the side that shocked the Saints, with Simon Mignolet, Nathaniel Clyne, James Milner, Jordan Ibe, Christian Benteke and Roberto Firmino returning to the starting line-up.The German manager opted for Benteke to lead the line ahead of Daniel Sturridge, who has only recently made his return from injury, and the Belgian should have got his name on the scoresheet mid-way through the first half.Ibe, who has grown in confidence under his new manager, made a bright start to the game and a bursting run on the right wing saw the teenager win Liverpool a corner.The resulting set-piece met Dejan Lovren in the box, who sent the ball towards Benteke, but the former Aston Villa man could only fire his effort high over the bar from close range.The Magpies, however, frustrated the visitors, with the Reds quickly becoming sloppy in possession and failing to threaten goalkeeper Rob Elliot.With Liverpool struggling to create, McClaren’s men grew into the game and Papiss Cisse, enjoying one of his better performances in a Newcastle shirt, was becoming an increasing problem for the Reds defence.And the Senegalese forward had a superb chance to give his side the lead late on in the first half.After dispossessing Liverpool, the hosts quickly burst forward, and following some neat play in the centre of the park, Wijnaldum delivered the ball into the path of the unmarked Cisse. Cisse drove into the box, but was culpable of taking too long, allowing Lovren and Martin Skrtel to clear their lines.The Magpies will no doubt have headed into the dressing room feeling that Liverpool were there for the taking following one of their most impressive halves of the season.And the second half very much continued where it had left off, with Klopp continuing to cut a frustrated figure on the sidelines.In what has been a rarity for Newcastle this term, there was an air of optimism among the crowd, and the spirit was clearly felt by the players, who began to push further up the pitch.As Liverpool’s struggle to threaten continued, Klopp decided enough was enough, and shortly after the hour mark opted to bring on Adam Lallana and Sturridge, replacing Benteke and Firmino, in the hope of reviving what had been a lifeless attack thus far.Having been on the pitch a matter of seconds, Sturridge and Lallana were already causing problems for the Newcastle defence, with both eager to get on the ball.They didn’t, however, make the instant impact that Klopp may have hoped, and shortly after their arrival, the Magpies got their breakthrough.With just over twenty minutes left on the clock, Wijnaldum was awarded too much space in the box and after easing past Lovren saw his strike on goal deflect off the foot of Skrtel and nestle into the back of the net.Sturridge had a sublime chance to equalise after being played in by a perfectly weighted through ball from Lallana, but the England international dragged his effort wide of the far post.Liverpool will have felt hard done by, though, when a long ball forward from Lucas was volleyed home by Alberto Moreno, only for the linesman to incorrectly rule the Spaniard offside.The poor passes and sloppy touches, however, didn’t subside in the final minutes of the clash for the Reds, and Newcastle heaped further misery on the visitors in injury time, making it game over.After stealing the ball off Milner on the right flank, Moussa Sissoko delivered an exquisite pass towards Wijnaldum and, after excellent control, the Dutchman coolly chipped Mignolet to score his second of the game and ease the nerves of the home crowd.This was arguably Newcastle’s best performance of the season, and there’s no better time to put in such a display than before the hectic festive period.For Klopp, meanwhile, it’s back to the drawing board. 1 Newcastle United’s Georginio Wijnaldum